Anyang (안양시, 安養市, peaceful.raise/bring up.city) is a city in Gyeonggi-do. The population as of 2004 was 625,197, including:
- 621,047 Koreans and
- 4,150 non-Koreans.
Anyang is located quite close to Seoul, to which it is well connected by subway and bus. The city's boundaries are somewhat oddly shaped but can generally be divided into the northwest and southeast halves split by the Anyang River, with each half having its own nightlife, subway stations, movie theatres, shopping, and so on. People who live in one half don't often have much need to go to the other.
The north side features the very large Anyang Station which is integrated with a sizable Lotte Mart and Lotte Cinema, and is just across the street from the popular shopping and nightlife district of Anyang First Street; street and station are connected by an underground shopping mall bursting with clothing and cellphone shops. Other notable spots north of the river include the Anyang Art Park.
South of the river the popular nightlife spots are Rodeo Street and Hagwon-ga, all of which are quite close to Beomgye Station and Pyeongchon Station. This area also includes several movie theatres including the Anyang-exclusive Kinex 10, several department stores, Central Park, Freedom Park, and Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital. Notable landmarks include Anyang City Hall and Acro Tower.
- City bird: Forsythia
- City tree: Ginkgo tree
- City bird: Eagle
Anyang is a sister city with Garden Grove in California. In April 2007 Garden Grove sent a delegation of exchange students to stay for a week.
Anyang has been around since prehistory and has had many names. A variety of ancient relics from the Stone Age and Bronze Age, such as Jiseok tombs excavated when the Pyeongchon residential complex was developed in 1989. Several of these artifacts are on display at the Pyeongchon Art Hall.
During the Three Kingdoms period, it belonged to Mahan and was later merged with the Baekje kingdom.
When King Jangsu (394-491) of the Goguryeo kingdom expanded the dynasty's power southward, it became part of Goguryeo, changing its name to Yulmokgun. When the Silla kingdom took it over, its name was Yuljingun. During the Goryeo Dynasty, it was renames Gwaju. During the Joseon dynasty, it held the names Gwacheonhyeon, Geumgwahyeon, and then Gwacheongun in 1895.
In 1914, when Gwacheongun, Ansangun, and Siheunggun were combined to form Seoimyeon. Then it was Siheunggun and later Anyangmyeon in 1941. Anyang was upgraded to the status of city in 1973.
- Main article: Accommodation in Anyang
Accomodation in Anyang is somewhat cheaper than in Seoul, but at the same time most Seoul-based real estate sites will have information on Anyang as well due to its size and proximity to the capital. Pyeongchon is a particularly popular location in the city. For short-term accommodation one can find goshiwons near Beomgye Station, and the street near Pyeongchon Station is lined with love motels.
The City of Anyang's current mayor is Lee Phil Woon (이필운), with Shin Joong Dae (신중대) as a former mayor. It is divided into two main districts, or wards, called a "gu"(구, 區), which are further subdivided into another 31 administrative areas, or neighborhoods, called a "dong" (동, 洞). A full list of administrative divisions in the city can be seen below. Anyang City Hall is located in Dongan-gu.
- Main article: Restaurants in Anyang
The most popular hot spot in the city is the area around Anyang Station, known as Anyang First Street (안양일번가), where a popular festival is also held each year. In addition, Rodeo Street, sometimes called Pyeongcheon First Street, is another popular nightlife area nearby Beomgye Station, and is a pedestrian-only street complete with a variety of restaurants, shops, and bars. Then there is Pyeongchon Food Street (먹자촌), which is well-known in the city for the variety and quality of its restaurants.
As the average Korean, Japanese, and Chinese restaurants are in abundance throughout Korea and are easy for foreigners to find, the following restaurants reflect a sampling of restaurants considered to be either popular or are western-friendly choices and other ethnic foods.
- Main article: Bars in Anyang
There's plenty of nightlife in this city, mainly around Anyang First Street and Rodeo Street, which often see even more traffic at night than in the day. Both are lined with bars of all kinds, from the western-style Wa Bar chain to the only-in-Korea, dark and expensive business bars. Anyang First Street features a couple of nightclubs, and Rodeo Street has some low-rent room salons.
The Anyang area has four movie theaters, with the largest one, CGV, located in downtown Anyang, near Anyang Station. There is also the Kinex 10 theater, a DMC theater in New Core Outlet, a Cinus theater near Indeokwon Station, and a Lotte Cinema in Anyang Station. There are plenty of DVD bangs especially on Rodeo Street.
- Main article: Shopping in Anyang
Anyang has a large number of department stores and supermarkets, which can all easily [[send flowers]be accessed by public transportation, that can fill the needs of residents. New Core Outlet, Kim's Club, and New Core Outlet are located at Beomgye Station. Lotte Department Store is located in Anyang Station and the E-Mart above Pyeongcheon Station is stocked with hard to find items, such as cheeses, Indian curries, and dill pickles. The other E-Mart is located in Bisan-dong (비산동) and contains a growing selection of international foods, including cheddar cheese, jalapeno peppers, and cranberry juice.
Central Park sits between Pyeongchon Station and Beomgye Station, next to the Acro Tower. It contains a series of fountains that shoot out of the ground and flow around the park as a manmade stream, dotted by modern art sculptures installed as part of the Anyang Art Project. It also contains an outdoor theater, which also holds nightly aerobics classes, tennis courts, a playground, a croquet lawn, X-game courts, badminton courts, a soccer field, basketball courts, and an in-line skating rink. On Saturdays and Sundays, the street dividing the park is closed down and used as a flea market.
Other parks in the Anyang area include Byongmokan Civic Park, Seoksu Sports Park, and the Anyang Art Park.
The Anyang Sports Complex located in Bisan 3-dong is a sports stadium and gymnasium complex which hosts the games of Anyang's professional basketball and hockey teams, the KT&G Kites and the Anyang Halla. Opened in 2006, the Anyang Inline Roller Stadium hosted the 2006 World Roller Speed Skating Championships in September of the same year. Local swimming facilties include the Anyang Indoor Swimming Pool.
The Anyang Women's Center offers racquetball lessons.
Approximate representation of Anyang's location on the Seoul subway
map. The light blue (line 4) and dark blue (line 1) lines are the two that go through the city.
The City of Anyang is well served by the local public transportation, which includes both buses and rail. The city is connected to the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system via Line 1, which connects to Anyang Station, Myeonghak Station, Gwanak Station, and Seoksu Station; as well as Line 4 which connects to Indeogwon Station, Pyeongchon Station, and Beomgye Station.
The inter-city bus terminal, linking Anyang to the rest of the country, is in Anyang 1-dong (안양1-동), in Manan-gu (만안구). The city is also connected to the national rail system, the Korea National Railway, at Anyang Station, where tickets for trains anywhere in the country can be purchased.
Basic Korean language classes are offered free of charge at the Anyang Women'S Center. An informal Korean conversation group for foreigners hosted by volunteer teachers meets at Artelysia Gallery Cafe near Beomgye Station on Tuesdays at 7:30 p.m. (as of December 2008).