Canadian Troops Withdraw
Both during and after hostilities, the United Nations
Command carried out an extensive reconstruction programme in
South Korea. They also helped to build up the ROK forces to a
point where these could fight successful a defensive war if
necessary. The member nations then began to cut their own
commitments in the theatre-hence a gradual reduction of the 1st
Commonwealth Division and the base, and of Canadian troop
strengths both in Korea and in Japan. Between November 1954 and
the following April, the Division's strength dropped from 20,000
to little more than 5000; by September 1955 it was down to 4000.
The full story of the reduction cannot yet be told, for at the
time of writing (March 1956) the process is still not quite
complete. We can however consider the main stages by which
Canadian troops have been withdrawn from Korea.
Early in November 1954 the Commonwealth Division's right
sector and the Canadian Brigade's covering position north of the
Imjin became the responsibility of the 28th ROK Division. The
25th Brigade's operational role ended on the 8th. Already the
2nd Black Watch had sailed for Canada, and all but two of the
remaining Canadian units in Korea-the Queen's Own Rifles and
No. 3 Field Ambulance-followed close behind. Brigadier Clift,
whose headquarters "closed down" on 2 December, was succeeded as
Senior Canadian Officer in the Far East by the Commander of the
Military Mission in Tokyo. On 1 February 1955, Brigade
Headquarters, reestablished at Camp Borden, Ontario, was
redesignated Headquarters 4th Infantry Brigade.
The 28th Commonwealth Brigade had passed into history at
about the same time as the 25th Brigade. Units of either
formation which were to remain in the theatre for a time came
under command of the 29th British Brigade, whose headquarters was
soon afterwards converted to an integrated divisional
headquarters. The "Division" now consisted of:
- 42nd Field Regiment RA
- 55th Independent Field Squadron RE
- 1st Commonwealth Division Independent Signal Squadron
- 1st Dorset Regiment
- 2nd Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
- 1st Royal Australian Regiment
- No. 10 [Transport] Company RNZASC
- No. 3 Canadian Field Ambulance
- 1st Commonwealth Division Independent Ordnance Field Park
- No. 16 Infantry Workshop REME
- 1st Commonwealth Division Independent Provost Company.
Not listed here are two British battalions which were to leave
the theatre about the end of 1954.
The second stage of the withdrawal of Canadian troops took
place in April 1955. The Queen's Own returned to Canada and were
not replaced; other elements were rotated on an individual basis
rather than as a body. Thus No. 3 Field Ambulance, already the
only Commonwealth unit of its kind in Korea, became the only
Canadian field unit in the theatre.
A third stage was announced on February 1956. The
Commonwealth force in Korea was now to be reduced to a battalion
group. To it Canada would contribute medical and dental
personnel amounting to about 40 individuals.
During hostilities this country had sent 22,066 troops to
the Far Eastern theatre. A further 7000 served there between the
cease-fire and the end 1955.
-This is an archive of a previously published work in the public domain. As a record of an already published work, it should not be changed or updated, except to improve the visual layout, to wikify the page or to add pertinent categories. Place names and others written in old romanization should stay the same way as well, but after wikifying please add a redirect to the present system of romanization (i.e. creating a redirect from Pusan to Busan or Kwangju to Gwangju).
-While content in the Galbijim wiki is by default under the GFDL, this work is in the public domain worldwide because it meets one or more of the following criteria: </br>-It has been so released by the copyright holder; Its copyright has expired; Or, it is ineligible for copyright.