|Pop. density:||1,014.8 people/km²|
|Administrative divisions:||19 dong|
Jeju City (제주시, 濟州市) is the largest city on the autonomous region and island of Jeju-do (제주도특별자치도). Before Jeju-do became a special autonomous island in July 2006, Jeju City was part of four regions of the island: Jeju City, Seogwipo, Bukjeju county and Namjeju county. Since attaining autonomy however, the island has been consolidaten into two parts, with Jeju City taking up the entire north half of the island and Seogwipo the south.
The city is located at 33°31′N and 126°29′E, and is served by Jeju International Airport (IATA code CJU). A total of 4 million visitors come to the city from mainland Korea in addition to Japan and China. The city had a total of 98,081 households in 2002.
Distance to various locations on the mainland:
The north side of the mountain Hallasan is located in the centre of the island, thus the far southern part of the city. It is a total of 1,391 metres at its highest point. Rivers from the island into the city number eleven including the Hancheon (한천, 漢川), Sanjicheon (산지천, 山地川), Byeongmuncheon (병문천, 倂門川), and the Byeoldocheon (별도천, 別刀川).
The climate of the city is a moderate maritime climate, and the warmest part of the country in the winter. The average yearly temperature is 14.7℃, the average temperature in January is 4.8℃, and the average in August is 25.8℃. The average yearly precipitation is quite large at 1,440㎜. It should be noted that the city technically extends to Hallasan, where the temperature is usually 20 degrees colder than that at sea level. This is merely the administrative border of the city however, and people do not live at the top of the mountain.
Jeju City has a particularly large service industry due to its role in tourism. Though the centre of the city is similar to other cities of its size, Jeju expands to the south all the way to Hallasan, and to the east and west corners of Jeju-do which also gives it a large amount of land used for agriculture. Oranges in particular are grown in large numbers.
Along with the increase in the city's population industry has also increased, with a total of seventeen markets, a five day market, a department store, four large outlets, and three chains.
Jeju City has just about all the amenities one would find in a major city in Korea, but on a smaller scale.
As the average Korean, Japanese, and Chinese restaurants are in abundance throughout Korea and are easy for foreigners to find, the following restaurants reflect a sampling of restaurants considered to be either popular or are western-friendly choices and other ethnic foods.
There is no subway system in the city but there are buses that run within the city (850 won for adults) as well as those to the city of Seogwipo and other locations. Any location within the island can be reached within 50 minutes by vehicle.
Buses go to and from the airport as well as Seogwipo. The bus from Jeju City to Seogwipo is called the 시외버스 (shiwae bus, or outside city bus), takes about 45 minutes and costs 3500 won. Be sure that the bus has the "5.16" number on it; this is the highway that uses the most direct route to go between the two cities, first by going towards Hallasan but a little bit east to avoid the slope, and then down all the way to the city. The other bus takes a more scenic route around the entire island before getting to Seogwipo.
The #500 is the bus that goes in between the airport and the city centre for 850 won. It takes about 20 minutes to get to the airport from City Hall.
Mt.Hallasan National Park was designated as a national park in 1970. It has 1,800 types of plants as well as 4,000 species of animals. The total course is under 10 km in length and thus not too difficult.
Buses go to the park from Jeju City every 15 minutes, and travel time from the city to the base of the mountain is 35 minutes.
Address : 2505 Samyang 3-dong, Jeju-shi
Jeju Folk Museum is a public museum with information on folk treasures of the inhabitants of the island. Exhibits in the museum are real items that were made use of in the past. A total of 10,000 artifacts are present in the museum, with about a third of these on display.
To get to the museum from the airport take a city express bus towards Hamdeok. From Jeju Bus Terminal one will take a bus for Jocheon and get off at the Hwabuk Jugong Apartment bus stop, from where the museum will be a 5 minute walk away. The total travel time in both cases is about 25 minutes.
Moksokwon (목석원, 木石苑, wood.stone.garden) is an area that shows the types of stones and wood that can be found on the island. There are many statues and constructions here that give the area an otherworldly feel. It is quite easy to find - head directly south from City Hall and continue up the road. Eventually the city will give way to countryside and Moksokwon will be on the right. It is in between the city and the university so if you have gone all the way to the university you will have gone too far. Site