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Jeju dialect - WIKI IN KOREA

Jeju dialect

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File:Jeju dialect.jpg
혼저옵서예 초자와줭 고맙수다: 어서오세요 놀러와서 고맙습니다 in standard Korean.

Jeju dialect (Korean:제주방언, 濟州方言) is the dialect used on the island of Jeju in Korea, with the exception of Chuja in Bukjeju County. It differs greatly from the dialects of the mainland, and preserves many archaic words which are lost in them. It has borrowed many words from Manchurian, Chinese, Japanese,and especially Mongolian,and there are many words which appear to be original formations (possibly from the language of Tamna).

A study on 7,000 words revealed the following comparing other dialects to that in Jeju-do:


Out of 7,000 words Jeolla-do Gyeongsang-do Hamgyeong-do Pyeongan-do
# of common words 445 521 412 156
# of exact words 340 338 328 118

Out of these 7,000 words, those related to other languages were as follows:

  • From Mongolian: 240
  • From Chinese: 53
  • From Manchurian: 22
  • From Japanese: 50

The large amount of words from Mongolian is a natural result of the 100 years of Mongolian rule on the island, and a large number have to do with horses.

Another difference is the slightly different intonation of words. The Jeju Dialect tends to use more stress on certain syllables.

One large difference is the seeming lack of formality and deference to elders. For example, while a speaker of the Seoul Dialect might say annyeonghaseyo (“Hello”) to an older person, a speaker of the Jeju dialect would say 반갑시오 (ban-gapsio) (“How do you do?”) To many mainlanders, a child saying this to an adult would be appalling, but this similarity is coincidental.

Phonemes

There are 9 vowels, /i・e・ε・ɨ・ə・a・u・o・ɒ/.

홀소리
front middle back
high ㅣ(i) ㅡ(ɨ) ㅜ(u)
middle ㅔ(e)
ㅐ(ɛ)
ㅓ(ə) ㅗ(o)
low ㅏ(a) ㆍ(ɒ)


Phonological change

Syntax

Vocabulary

Examples:

English Jeju dialect
Standard Korean
“Welcome!” 혼저옵서예 어서오세요
“grandfather; old man” 하르방 할아버지
“man” 손아이 남자 (사나이)
“woman” 지지배 여자 (계집애)

Grammar

Present tense

Present tense is formed with a ㅁ and then a -수다 on the end.

Ending Example (Standard Korean) Notes
암, 엄 수과? 감수과? (갑니까, 가고 있습니까) pronounced also as 과, 꽈, 광, 꽝
수다. 감수다. (갑니다, 가고 있습니다)

Examples

Jeju dialect Standard Korean English meaning
어디 감수광? 어디 가십니까? Where are you going?
서울에 감수다. 서울에 갑니다. I'm going to Seoul.
X를 알암수과? X를 아십니까? Do you know X?
잘 몰람수다. 잘 모릅니다. Not really.
지금 뭐 햄수꽈? 지금 뭐 하십니까? What are you doing now?
고맙수다. 고맙습니다. Thank you.
반갑수다. 반갑습니다. Nice to meet you.


Past tense

Ending Standard Korean Example Notes
앗, 엇 수과? -습니까? 알앗수과? (알았습니까) pronounced also as 과, 꽈, 광, 꽝
수다. -습니다. 알앗수다. (알았습니다)

Examples

Jeju dialect Standard Korean English meaning
점심 먹엇수과? 점심 먹었습니까? Have you eaten lunch?
예, 먹엇수다. 예, 먹었습니다. Yes I have.
언제 왓수과? 언제 왔습니까? When did you come (here)?
오늘 왓수다. 오늘 왔습니다. I came today.

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