Jeju dialect - WIKI IN KOREA

Jeju dialect

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File:Jeju dialect.jpg
ํ˜ผ์ €์˜ต์„œ์˜ˆ ์ดˆ์ž์™€์คญ ๊ณ ๋ง™์ˆ˜๋‹ค: ์–ด์„œ์˜ค์„ธ์š” ๋†€๋Ÿฌ์™€์„œ ๊ณ ๋ง™์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค in standard Korean.

Jeju dialect (Korean:์ œ์ฃผ๋ฐฉ์–ธ, ๆฟŸๅทžๆ–น่จ€) is the dialect used on the island of Jeju in Korea, with the exception of Chuja in Bukjeju County. It differs greatly from the dialects of the mainland, and preserves many archaic words which are lost in them. It has borrowed many words from Manchurian, Chinese, Japanese,and especially Mongolian,and there are many words which appear to be original formations (possibly from the language of Tamna).

A study on 7,000 words revealed the following comparing other dialects to that in Jeju-do:


Out of 7,000 words Jeolla-do Gyeongsang-do Hamgyeong-do Pyeongan-do
# of common words 445 521 412 156
# of exact words 340 338 328 118

Out of these 7,000 words, those related to other languages were as follows:

  • From Mongolian: 240
  • From Chinese: 53
  • From Manchurian: 22
  • From Japanese: 50

The large amount of words from Mongolian is a natural result of the 100 years of Mongolian rule on the island, and a large number have to do with horses.

Another difference is the slightly different intonation of words. The Jeju Dialect tends to use more stress on certain syllables.

One large difference is the seeming lack of formality and deference to elders. For example, while a speaker of the Seoul Dialect might say annyeonghaseyo (โ€œHelloโ€) to an older person, a speaker of the Jeju dialect would say ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ‘์‹œ์˜ค (ban-gapsio) (โ€œHow do you do?โ€) To many mainlanders, a child saying this to an adult would be appalling, but this similarity is coincidental.

Phonemes

There are 9 vowels, /iใƒปeใƒปฮตใƒปษจใƒปษ™ใƒปaใƒปuใƒปoใƒปษ’/.

ํ™€์†Œ๋ฆฌ
front middle back
high ใ…ฃ(i) ใ…ก(ษจ) ใ…œ(u)
middle ใ…”(e)
ใ…(ษ›)
ใ…“(ษ™) ใ…—(o)
low ใ…(a) ใ†(ษ’)


Phonological change

Syntax

Vocabulary

Examples:

English Jeju dialect
Standard Korean
โ€œWelcome!โ€ ํ˜ผ์ €์˜ต์„œ์˜ˆ ์–ด์„œ์˜ค์„ธ์š”
โ€œgrandfather; old manโ€ ํ•˜๋ฅด๋ฐฉ ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€
โ€œmanโ€ ์†์•„์ด ๋‚จ์ž (์‚ฌ๋‚˜์ด)
โ€œwomanโ€ ์ง€์ง€๋ฐฐ ์—ฌ์ž (๊ณ„์ง‘์• )

Grammar

Present tense

Present tense is formed with a ใ… and then a -์ˆ˜๋‹ค on the end.

Ending Example (Standard Korean) Notes
์•”, ์—„ ์ˆ˜๊ณผ? ๊ฐ์ˆ˜๊ณผ? (๊ฐ‘๋‹ˆ๊นŒ, ๊ฐ€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ) pronounced also as ๊ณผ, ๊ฝˆ, ๊ด‘, ๊ฝ
์ˆ˜๋‹ค. ๊ฐ์ˆ˜๋‹ค. (๊ฐ‘๋‹ˆ๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค)

Examples

Jeju dialect Standard Korean English meaning
์–ด๋”” ๊ฐ์ˆ˜๊ด‘? ์–ด๋”” ๊ฐ€์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? Where are you going?
์„œ์šธ์— ๊ฐ์ˆ˜๋‹ค. ์„œ์šธ์— ๊ฐ‘๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. I'm going to Seoul.
X๋ฅผ ์•Œ์•”์ˆ˜๊ณผ? X๋ฅผ ์•„์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? Do you know X?
์ž˜ ๋ชฐ๋žŒ์ˆ˜๋‹ค. ์ž˜ ๋ชจ๋ฆ…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Not really.
์ง€๊ธˆ ๋ญ ํ–„์ˆ˜๊ฝˆ? ์ง€๊ธˆ ๋ญ ํ•˜์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? What are you doing now?
๊ณ ๋ง™์ˆ˜๋‹ค. ๊ณ ๋ง™์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Thank you.
๋ฐ˜๊ฐ‘์ˆ˜๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ‘์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Nice to meet you.


Past tense

Ending Standard Korean Example Notes
์•—, ์—‡ ์ˆ˜๊ณผ? -์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ์•Œ์•—์ˆ˜๊ณผ? (์•Œ์•˜์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ) pronounced also as ๊ณผ, ๊ฝˆ, ๊ด‘, ๊ฝ
์ˆ˜๋‹ค. -์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์•Œ์•—์ˆ˜๋‹ค. (์•Œ์•˜์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค)

Examples

Jeju dialect Standard Korean English meaning
์ ์‹ฌ ๋จน์—‡์ˆ˜๊ณผ? ์ ์‹ฌ ๋จน์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? Have you eaten lunch?
์˜ˆ, ๋จน์—‡์ˆ˜๋‹ค. ์˜ˆ, ๋จน์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Yes I have.
์–ธ์ œ ์™“์ˆ˜๊ณผ? ์–ธ์ œ ์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? When did you come (here)?
์˜ค๋Š˜ ์™“์ˆ˜๋‹ค. ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. I came today.

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